Old World refers to countries and regions where winemaking and winemaking grapes originated. Without having to list all of the countries, think Europe and select areas of the Middle East.
New World refers to countries and regions where winemaking and winemaking grapes were imported during or after the age of exploration (State schoolers; exploration means countries that were at one point colonies.) This means: United States, Australia, New
Zealand, Argentina, Chile, South Africa.Why you give a shit:
Different styles of winemaking equals different styles. If you need us to put it into another analogy about women.
If Old World wine was a woman she would be the traditional bird who comes from a good family and is focused on getting her education and going straight into the family business. Things stay the same because if it’s been working for the last five thousand (ish) years and it will continue to work for the next five thousand years.
New World wine is the type of girl who moved into the city from her home-town that was just too small. She has a few tattoos and a few piercing, some of which can be seen, some of which cannot. She is all about using technology to cultivate a new experience and is always down to try something to see how she likes it.
Key differences (generalized)
Old World: It’s worked for five thousand years therefore there are standards and traditions that need to be maintained. Many countries even have control committees that guarantee quality and authenticity. Heritage is everything for Old World production.
New World: Largely unregulated production methods that make use of innovative technology and ideas to create out of the ordinary wines.
Old World: French Oak is more subtle and spicy which yields softer textures to the wine after being aged.
New World: American Oak tends to yield bigger textures and flavors.
Old World: Wines tend to be lighter body, less fruit forward, lower in alcohol, less oak flavor.
New World: Wines tend to be bigger in body, have unrestrained fruit characteristics and the oak is outwardly noticeable.